GLOSSARY
 

    The terminology throughout this text has been used to limit and delimit the meaning of these words according to their use in this document.
 
 
Assessment 

 
 
 

Process of judging student behavior or product; 
comprehends evaluation and testing. it may include rating scales, observation checklists, content analysis and/or interviews. 
 
Anecdotal record  
 
 
Written observations by the teacher; it provides a continuous account of student behavior while learning. 
 
Brainstorming 
 
 
Rapid suggestion of ideas and discussion on a specific theme/subject without taking time to evaluate each one. 
 
Concept mapping 
 
 
 
An assessment technique based on clustering used to determine how well a student understand concepts and relationships. 
 
Context 
 
 
The unity of aspects that connects content in order to give meaning and continuity. 
 
Context standards 
 
 
Knowledge, skills, and understanding that students 
should acquire to attain competency in different areas. 
 
Curriculum 
 
 
Statement of both the content and methodology of teaching a course of sequence of courses; a content guide. 
 
Evaluation 
 
 
 
Process of interpreting our making judgements about assessment data to determine the extent of achievement of instructional objectives. 
 
Formative tests 
 
Tests administered during the process of learning. 
 
Journal 
 
 
An ongoing written record of a student's thoughts based on self-selected topics of personal interest. 
 
Measurement 
 
 
 
 
 
A rating indicating the level of attainment of a desired 
quality; a percentage of correct answers on a given 
test. In criterion-referenced assessment, assessment 
is specified as degrees of attainment (a score or a 
rating) based on what is possible. 
 
Performance Standard 
 
 
The quality of student attainment required to demonstrate his/her competency level in a subject area. 
 
Portfolio  
 
 
A collection of forms of evidence written or otherwise  based on learning and classroom experiences. 
 
Reading/writing process 
 
 
Relationship between encoding and decoding language and putting it down on paper. 
 
Receiver 
 
One who gets a message, decodes it and may react upon it. 
 
Rubric 
 
 
An established set of criteria for scoring or rating 
student's tests, portfolios and/or performance. 
 
Sender  
 
One who transmit a message. 
 
Summative tests  
 
 
Tests given/taken at the end of the learning process 
to ascertain learning competencies. 
 
Symposium  
 
 
A series of short, uninterrupted public speeches, 
often involving a panel of experts. 
 
Values  
 
Rules of conduct/behavior whose purpose is to do 
good and avoid evil.