The curriculum reform of the Department of Education of Puerto Rico directs its efforts on the configuration of the cognitive-humanistic learning theory. The emphasis of learning is geared at the optimum development of the thinking process and at the same time the effective development of the student based on the assumption that the learner is a human being that posses a conceptual and affective framework in development. There are various approaches to the teaching, but there is one that is basic to the, educational process.
This is constructivism. In the constructivist approach
the teacher assumes the role of the mediator between students and the environment,
and learning facilitator. This entails a change of the traditional paradigm
of the teacher as a transmitter of information and the student as a passive
receiver. In the new paradigm thestudent becomes an active participant
and is, guided to self monitor his/her own
The constructivist view of learning requires that the teacher directs his/her attention towards the student rather than to the textbook and curriculum guides. The construction of meaning is an active process that requires that the student reflects about the tasks that he/she performed including the information received in prior experiences.
The educational reform responds to the fulfilment of “Puerto Rico Goals 2000." This document compiles specifically goals number three that established standards for all basic courses and for all students. Through the attainment of standards and relying on the active participation of all its constituents: education personnel, parents, community, industry and others, total quality will be guaranteed in the school curriculum, therefore, in teaching.
The curriculum core, common in all standards, compiles the following aspects: