I INTRODUCTION AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS
II SOCIO-HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND THEORETICAL RATIONALE: A REVIEW OF
LITERATUREPuerto Rico as an Amalgam of Cultures:III METHOD
The Historical Context of the Study
Language Policies:.Internal and External Decisions
Studies of English-Language Leaning in Puerto RicoSettingIV THE SETTING AND THE STUDENTS
Selection of Participants
Data Collection: The Ethnographic Interview
The Stance of the Researcher
TrustworthinessThe Town of ColinasV THEMATIC ANALYSIS
The Colinas Campus
The Opening Day of an Adult Program English Class
English in Juan's Life Now
English in Pablo's Life Now
English in Diana's Life Now
English in Maria's Life Now
English in Josd's Life NowPolitical, Social, and Cultural Issues
Theme 1: To us, learning English is a central political issue, and we feel passionately about it.
Past Approaches to the Teaching of English
Theme 1: We feel that the way we were taught English in the past didn't work for us.
Theme 2: We wish they had let us speak more English.
Theme 3: Teachers spoke more Spanish than English in classes.
Theme 4: I feel English teachers aren't all prepared to teach English.
Theme 5: There have to be better and more up-to-date materials and language experiences.
English as a Necessity for the Future
Theme 1: I can see a role for English in my life.
Theme 2: For my children I want all the opportunities I never had.
VI SUMMARY, DISCUSSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONSDiscussion and Implications for Practice
English-Language Learning and Cultural Identity
The Importance of Affect in Learning
Issues Concerning Curriculum and Methods
Suggestions for Future Research
APPENDICESA STUDENT CONSENT FORM
B ADMINISTRATOR'S CONSENT FORM
C SAMPLE INTERVIEW EXCERPT
D SAMPLE TRANSLATED INTERVIEW
E INTERVIEW TRANSLATED FOR ESSENCE
F SAMPLE FIELD LOG PAGE
G SAMPLE ANALYTIC MEMO
H SAMPLE OPENING INTERVIEW QUESTIONS