ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

CHAPTER

I   INTRODUCTION AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS

II  SOCIO-HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND THEORETICAL RATIONALE: A REVIEW OF
     LITERATURE

Puerto Rico as an Amalgam of Cultures:
    The Historical Context of the Study
Language Policies:.Internal and External Decisions
Linguistic Framework
    Studies of English-Language Leaning in Puerto Rico
III  METHOD
Setting
    Colinas Campus
Adult Program
Selection of Participants
Data Collection: The Ethnographic Interview
    Field Log
Data Analysis
The Stance of the Researcher
Trustworthiness
IV THE SETTING AND THE STUDENTS
The Town of Colinas
The Colinas Campus
The Opening Day of an Adult Program English Class
Profiles
    Introducing Juan
        Juan's Story
         English in Juan's Life Now
    Introducing Pablo
        Pablo's Story
         English in Pablo's Life Now
    Introducing Diana
        Diana's Story
         English in Diana's Life Now
    Introducing Maria
        Maria's Story
         English in Maria's Life Now
    Introducing Jose
        Jose's Story
          English in Josd's Life Now
V      THEMATIC ANALYSIS
Political, Social, and Cultural Issues
Theme 1: To us, learning English is a central political issue, and we feel passionately about it.
Past Approaches to the Teaching of English
   Theme 1: We feel that the way we were taught English in the past didn't work for us.
   Theme 2: We wish they had let us speak more English.
   Theme 3: Teachers spoke more Spanish than English in classes.
   Theme 4: I feel English teachers aren't all prepared to teach English.
   Theme 5: There have to be better and more up-to-date materials and language experiences.

 English as a Necessity for the Future
   Theme 1: I can see a role for English in my life.
   Theme 2: For my children I want all the opportunities I never had.


VI     SUMMARY, DISCUSSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Discussion and Implications for Practice
    English-Language Learning and Cultural Identity
    The Importance of Affect in Learning
    Issues Concerning Curriculum and Methods
Methodological Considerations
Suggestions for Future Research


BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDICES

STUDENT CONSENT FORM
ADMINISTRATOR'S CONSENT FORM
SAMPLE INTERVIEW EXCERPT
SAMPLE TRANSLATED INTERVIEW
INTERVIEW TRANSLATED FOR ESSENCE
SAMPLE FIELD LOG PAGE
SAMPLE ANALYTIC MEMO
SAMPLE OPENING INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
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